Disciplinary Action

Includes a Policy, Explanation of the Process, and Answers to Common Questions

Disciplinary Action

July 22nd, 2020

Employer disciplinary action is a response by the employer to problems with employee performance or behavior. It may come in the form of a verbal or written reprimand or the loss of employee privileges. The purpose of disciplinary action is to correct behavior and document issues.

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Disciplinary Action Policy Sample:

1. Policy overview.

[Company name]'s discipline policy explains the steps we will take to address employee failure to perform or misconduct. This policy applies to all [company name] employees.

2. At-will employment.

Although we may try to follow our discipline policy as outlined below, employees at [company name] work at-will, and can be terminated at any time, for any reason.

3. Progressive discipline steps.

Our disciplinary process can move through the following steps:

[List your steps here. You can see examples of the steps below.]

Managers or supervisors will document each step in this process using official forms. All forms must be filed with HR. Managers or supervisors must meet with HR before making decisions regarding steps 4 and 5.

Employees must always be informed of any disciplinary action, of what stage they are in, the consequences of further violations, and corrective actions they can take.

Steps may be repeated at the discretion of the manager or supervisor.

4. Explanation of the steps.

[Give a detailed explanation of each step. Find more info on this below.]

The [company name] progressive discipline plan may begin at any step, depending on the severity of the offense. For example, employee tardiness will begin at step 1, mistakes that cause major disruptions at work may begin at step 3. Fraud or other illegal or dangerous behavior may go directly to step 5.

The [company name] disciplinary policy is meant to provide guidelines.

5. Right to appeal.

Employees who believe they were not treated properly may appeal any disciplinary decisions with HR.

All information in this article is for informational purposes only. Consult with your HR department and/or attorney before making decisions on employee discipline.

Taking disciplinary action in the form of a verbal warning, a written warning, a suspension, or termination can be uncomfortable for both the employee and manager. Not many people like giving or receiving a reprimand, but it is necessary to have a disciplinary process in place that is followed.

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Steps in a Progressive Discipline Process:

1. Verbal warning.

This is typically the first step in the discipline process. In this step, employees should receive verbal warnings in private. The exact nature of what took place and why it is in violation of policy, or how it falls short of performance expectations, should be explained, along with corrective actions. HR should be notified of the warning.

2. Formal written warning.

This is often the second step in the discipline process. In this step, the manager or supervisor should use a write-up form to describe the incident and corrective actions. The employee should read the form and sign that they received it.

3. Formal disciplinary meeting.

This is usually the third step in the discipline process. In this step the employee, manager/supervisor, and an HR representative meet to discuss the problem. HR investigates the problem. The employee is informed that after this point punitive action may take place, up to, and including termination.

4. Suspension or loss of privileges.

This is typically the fourth step in the discipline process. In this step, the employee may receive penalties, such as a loss of certain privileges, suspension from some or all duties, a demotion, or other appropriate penalties.

5. Termination.

This is usually the final step in the discipline process. In this step, the employee is fired for continued violations. The final decision to terminate will be approved by an HR representative after an investigation to ensure fairness. Get advice for firing employees here.

Final Thoughts:

Having a company disciplinary policy in place will take away a lot of uncertainty from employees, and help ensure that your company or organization has a fair process that treats everyone equally.


What is considered a disciplinary action?

Learn more about disciplinary action.

How do you deliver a disciplinary action?

  • Review the employee's file and performance records.
  • Prepare for the employee discussion.
  • Hold a meeting with the employee.
  • State objectives of the disciplinary action.
  • Ask for the employee's input.
  • Provide a copy of the disciplinary action to the employee.
  • Schedule a follow-up.

See more details about disciplinary action.

What Is Progressive Discipline

What is progressive discipline?

Progressive discipline calls for increasingly punitive measures when employees repeat offenses or fail to correct issues after being warned. It is usually a multi-step process outlined in a policy and overseen and administered by human resources. Most disciplinary processes are progressive.

Find more information on disciplinary action.

Employee Right To Appeal

Do employees have the right to appeal the proposed disciplinary action against them?

The right to appeal means that at any stage in the disciplinary process, the employee may have the right to formally challenge a decision that has been made by a supervisor or HR, if they feel it was made wrongly or unjustly. This is an important part of making a disciplinary process fair.

Read more about disciplinary action.

A Disciplinary Policy Contains

What should be included within the disciplinary action guidelines?

  • An overview of the policy.
  • A statement affirming at-will employment.
  • The list of progressive disciplinary steps.
  • A detailed explanation of the steps.
  • An explanation of the employee's right to appeal decisions.

Get more information on disciplinary action.

What is the difference between an employee disciplinary report and an employee suspension form?

An employee disciplinary report documents any disciplinary actions taken against an employee, and is filed in the employee's personnel file. An employee suspension form details the nature of an employee's suspension and is signed by both the employee and supervisor or manager.

See more details about disciplinary action.

Is termination a form of disciplinary action?

Yes, termination is the final step of the disciplinary process and only occurs after repeated violations by the employee.

Learn more about disciplinary action.

What are the five fair reasons for dismissal?

  • Misconduct – Misconduct covers a large area of adverse behavior, while gross misconduct may lead to immediate termination.
  • Capability – This refers to an employee's capability to perform their job as required. It covers issues such as tardiness, absenteeism, or persistent absence due to illness.
  • Illegality – The employee is unable to perform their job due to a change in migration status, loss of driver's license, etc.
  • Competence – An employee falls short of required standards in performing their work.
  • Qualifications – An employee has lied about their qualifications or has not obtained further qualifications within a stipulated time.

Find out more about disciplinary action.